- index spanked 001

Category

index spanked 001


older children, X2(1, N = 998) = 144.98, p 001. In this study, the majority of . socioeconomic status, and both indices of spanking message in- tensity were all .

1985 are: Corporal punishment index Slapped or spanked Pushed, shoved, p 001 17.7, p 001 8.3, p <.003 3.9, p <.041 17.2, p <.002 Significance Tests.

reliability, r(20).76, ρ 001 and, with the present sample, a high . analyses in order to provide a more accurate index of the rate of spanking. (Wachs, 1987).

corporal punishment, child discipline, spank, childhood ...001. Parenting Stress Index score, median. (range: 0–44). 12. 11. 13. 13.001.